The University of Jyvaskyla’s Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences found that menopausal changes are linked to unfavorable metabolic changes that can be mitigated through a vigorous lifestyle. Particularly, physical activity reduced the rise in blood pressure in systolic.
The transition to menopausal has been linked to an increase in abdominal fat and blood pressure, blood glucose levels, and a decrease in cholesterol. These changes could increase the risk of developing type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease among postmenopausal females. Physical activity is believed to be beneficial for promoting metabolic health and reducing the risk of cardiovascular and metabolic disease. However, little is known about the connection between physical activity and changes in the metabolic health indicators that occur during menopause.
According to Hanna-Kaarina Juppli, aging can lead to changes in the metabolic health of both genders. However these changes are likely to increase in women who are who are in their midlife years, and are experiencing menopausal symptoms.
– Since women can live for several decades after menopausal, knowing the causes of the decline in metabolic health is crucial. By following women with similar ages but different menopausal status We were able to discern the changes caused by menopausal hormonal changes and the aging-related deterioration in metabolic health.
The study split the women into three groups based upon the changes in their menopause status. The groups were then to be compared. Over the course of four years the body composition, waist circumference and blood pressure were all measured twice. In all groups, the levels of several metabolic health indicators declined. For instance, mid-regional obesity, LDL cholesterol and blood glucose increased during the study The most significant changes were noted in the group that experienced menopause during the follow-up period.
Based on the results menopausal symptoms are linked to the deterioration of metabolic health, says doctoral researcher Matti Hyvarinen .
However physical activity can help prevent the accumulation metabolic risk factors for women who are in menopausal. We observed that people who were more active had a healthier metabolic risk factors. For example the more active participants had lower LDL and higher HDL cholesterol levels as well as smaller fat mass and waist circumference. The results also showed that a physical activity-based lifestyle is beneficial in reducing the rise of menopausal systolic pressure.
The study was conducted at the Gerontology Research Center in the Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences at the University of Jyvaskyla. This study is part of the Estrogenic Regulating Muscle Apoptosis and Estrogen microRNAs and risk of metabolic dysfunction (EsmiRs) studies, which are led by Associate Professor Eija Lakkonen. The original ERMA baseline cohort with more than 1300 participants comprised women aged 47 to 55 living in the Jyvaskyla region. In the EsmiRs study 298 of the ERMA women were remeasured. The study was funded by the Academy of Finland.
(2021). Menopausal health, metabolism and physical activity–a 4-year study. International Journal of Obesity. doi.org/10.1038/s41366-021-01022-x.
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