A study involving UT Southwestern neurology experts found that Hispanic stroke patients who had endovascular thrombectomies had lower quality outcomes than patients from similar white and Black populations.
Researchers discovered that the outcomes of patients suffering from Ischemic strokes in black and white were similar. Ischemic strokes block or narrow an artery leading to the brain.
The findings were published in the Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases The findings, published in the Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, to the body of knowledge on improving stroke treatment in populations that aren’t served. Previous studies have shown that there are racial differences in stroke treatment. This study, which involved more than 660 patients within the Houston region focused on thrombectomies – the surgical procedure used to remove blood clots from arteries and veins.
The fifth leading cause of death in the United States is ischemic stroke. Of all strokes 87% are Ischemic. A study in 2017 showed that thrombectomy treatment within the first 24 hours following an acute stroke can result in a 73% decrease in chance of disability.
This new study identifies populations that we must concentrate our future research on to gain more understanding of the causes of these differences. With this knowledge the root causes, targeted interventions can be designed to ensure access to the most effective outcomes for all stroke patients.”
Erica Jones, M.D., M.P.H., Assistant Professor of Neurology Study’s Lead Author
The American Heart Association and the American Stroke Association certified the UT Southwestern is an Advanced Comprehensive Stroke Center, which is part of the Peter O’Donnell Jr. Brain Institute. UT Southwestern has earned High Performing recognition for treatment of strokes from U.S. News & World Report ranked it among the top hospitals for stroke treatment in the U.S.
Dr. Jones is an active member of the Stroke Editor Training Program, as well as the American Academy of Neurology, the American Heart Association, and the Society of Vascular and Interventional Neurology.
Her study builds upon research Dr. Jones published in 2020, which found that among stroke patients younger than 50, there was a higher prevalence of modifiable risk factors among Black and Hispanic patients as also a lower chance to have favorable functional outcomes following an ischemic stroke. The risk factors that can be modified include diabetes, hypertension, and heart failure.
The National Institutes of Health T32 training grant funded the study.
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